Advantages and Disadvantages of Operating System

A product known as a functional framework is one that controls every facet of a PC’s design, including the hardware, accessories, and other components. It measures the data provided by the client, calculates the relevant yield, and then accepts the input. It also acts as a link between the client and the hardware of the framework. The execution of many activities, including data management, estimations, task planning, memory distribution, deallocation, etc., is another function of a functional framework.

The development of standard programming is the source of Operating System. Mobile application development differs significantly from web application development in that mobile applications have merely grown to take advantage of new functionalities found on mobile devices. Currently, a few applications are being added as modern mobile phones are being assembled. Every cell phone needs an operating system (OS) to run its features, including voice calls, short messaging service, and other services. Previous portable operating systems had constrained capabilities. For any kind of flexible application to be profitable, an operating system is necessary.

What is an Operating System ?

An operating system is a type of system software that guarantees users may control both hardware and software operations and make use of a computer’s resources. It enables communication between the user and the installed programme.

Advantages of Operating System

User Friendly

Comparatively speaking, a GUI’s interface is far more user-friendly than a command line interface. They are all easily understandable thanks to the different symbols, buttons, menus, and other graphical representations that are included. Users can readily interact with the system and communicate with it as a consequence.


An operating system has a duty to ensure the security of all the data it contains. They achieve this by bit-by-bit encrypting the data. Also, the majority of operating systems come pre-installed with security software. As an illustration, Windows has a built-in security tool called Windows Defender that actively deletes unwanted software and other files. Users can also utilise their own anti-malware software for this reason.

Sharing Resources

The ability to share resources with other users is another feature of the operating system. These tools include players, printers, fax machines, and modems. In addition, the operating system permits the sharing of numerous data with linked devices, including films, photos, and programmes. Also, customers can use the email service to send data among themselves if necessary.

Hardware Accessibility

Users can rapidly access hardware capabilities in an operating system thanks to the graphical user interface. Users do not need to write lines of code to access hardware, as they would in a command line interface.


Another crucial component of an operating system is multitasking. The operating system allows users to carry out multiple tasks at once. One window does not need to be closed in order to open another.

Disadvantages of Operating System


Unless it’s an open source operating system, all other platforms are typically thought of as being pricey. Although customers have the option of using a free OS , this is not always the best option because it lacks some functions. The price goes up much further if the operating system has GUI features.


A computer’s OS is a crucial piece of software. The computer is incapable of operation without an operating system. Thus, any OS issues will have an impact on the entire machine. The processor will essentially stop processing the data, and other hardware elements will also stop functioning.


An OS is more sophisticated because of the language that powers it. An typical user cannot comprehend this language. As a result, OS issues cannot be fixed by simply examining the language.


Storage memory is fragmented during the process of fragmentation. Furthermore prone to internal fragmentation are operating systems. There won’t be enough storage space if the process uses more space than was allotted. As a result, internal fragmentation will be caused by the process utilising far less space than it needs to.

Virus Attacks

An OS is constantly more susceptible to viral infection. Users may occasionally unintentionally browse harmful websites, download malicious software, or open email attachments that contain viruses, all of which increase a computer’s susceptibility to viruses.

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Wrap Up

Thus far, we’ve been discussing operating systems that can be used on both laptops and desktop computers. Mobile operating systems are used by mobile devices like phones, tablets, and MP3 players since they differ from desktop and laptop computers in many ways. Apple iOS and Google Android are a couple of examples of mobile operating systems. You can see iOS running on an iPad in the screenshot down below.

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